DHTP – The DataHub Transfer Protocol

DataHub Transfer Protocol (DHTP) is used by the DataHub®, SkkyHub®, ETK, and connected clients to send and receive data in real time over TCP across a LAN, WAN, or the Internet. Originally built upon HTTP, DHTP also supports SSL and WebSocket protocols. In continuous development for over 20 years, DHTP is open and documented in two parts, as the DataHub APIs and the DataHub Command Set.

DHTP connection examples

Additionally, the Cogent DataHub supports various protocols that are native to commonly used industrial applications, like ODBC, OPC, Modbus, etc. The ETK supports OPC UA and Modbus.

Examples

As shown in the above diagram, DHTP may be used for the following connection types:

  • DataHub to DataHub for DMZs and tunnelling on LANs and WANs
  • DataHub to SkkyHub for OT to IT connections and access to remote locations
  • ETK to DataHub for on-premise connections and edge procsssing
  • ETK to SkkyHub for direct connections to the cloud and web HMI
  • Custom programs to DataHub, to integrate virtually any application

Applied DHTP Features

SkkyHub and DataHub use DHTP to provide these important IIoT features:

  • Low Bandwidth & Low Latency: Consumes minimal bandwidth, while functioning with the lowest possible latency
  • Ability to Scale: Can support hundreds or thousands of interconnected data sources and users
  • Real-Time: Adds virtually no latency to the data transmission
  • Intelligent Overload Handling: A broker (DataHub, SkkyHub or ETK) responds appropriately when a data user is unable to keep up with the incoming data rate
  • Quality of Service: Guarantees consistency of data, preserved through multiple hops

DHTP Protocol Features

DHTP communications between and among DataHub, SkkyHub, ETK, and their clients meet the following criteria for secure, robust industrial and IIoT data communications:

  • Closed Firewalls: Keeps all firewall ports closed for both data sources and data users
  • Interoperable Data Format: Encodes the data so that clients and servers do not need to know each other’s protocols
  • Can Daisy Chain Servers: Multiple instances of brokers (DataHub, SkkyHub or ETK) can be connected to support a wide range of collection and distribution architectures
  • Propagation of Failure Notifications: Each client application can know with certainty if and when a connection anywhere along the data path has been lost, and when it recovers
  • Simple: Message syntax is simple enough to be implemented even on resource-constrained devices
  • Streamable: Messages can be concatenated and streamed without requiring intervening acknowledgements. This allows clients and servers to communicate asynchronously, reducing latency and significantly improving throughput